A paper presented in discussion conference at Souderton in February, 1956
Jacob Z. Rittenhouse
Today, ten years after its release for public acceptance, television takes second place in electrical appliance sales. Outsold only by electric irons in 1955 by the small margin of 123.000 units. Money-wise the television industry surpassed all other electrical appliances by the astounding margin of more than 566 million dollars. In the past ten years the number of television receiving sets in operation in the United States, climbed from 6,500 to 35 million. This figure represents a 76.1 per cent coverage of all American homes wired for electric appliances. The average cost of the 7.905.000 TV sets sold last year was 232 dollars. This represents a skyrocket figure of 1,833.960.000 dollars spent by U.S. wage-earners in one calendar year for TV receiving sets. If the average cost of TV sets for the past ten- year period were applied to the total number of sets in operation today, it would represent the huge figure of 9,607,850,000 dollars. During the past ten years there were 45,572,470 TV receiving sets sold, representing 12,510,- 151,600 dollars in U.S. currency. ((Figures obtained from statistics given in Electrical Merchandising, January, 1956.)) (The above figures do not cover installation costs.)
The above statistics present to us the rapid development of the television industry in this country. They also depict the ready acceptance of TV by the American public. For in the first decade of its history, almost 73 per cent of all American families have purchased receiving sets. Furthermore the rapid seizure of this expensive device by the public demands our thoughtful and prayerful consideration, for truly television today looks squarely into our faces and invites us to accept it with the majority of our neighbors and friends.
This modern invention called television has been defined by both pro and con authors in various terms. It has been called, “The Modern Miracle,” “The Magic Box,” “Giant in the Parlor,” “Hell’s Pipeline into the Home,” “The Public’s Latest and Most Expensive Toy,” etc. These may all be true descriptive phrases of this modern device. However, that which makes them true is not the invention, nor the mechanical unit, but rather the use thereof. In all fairness to the invention, or even to the receiving sets in the homes, it must be admitted that in itself TV is powerless to create either good or evil. The same could be said of the well-accepted transportation vehicle known as the automobile. The hard fact concerning this useful invention is that more than twice as many Americans have been killed by automobile accidents during the first fifty-four years of this century than in all the wars involving the United States since it was founded in 1776. And yet it could be truthfully said that the automobile without a driver has been the cause of very few, if any, fatal accidents. Again, the automobile can be charged with conveying millions of people daily to tap rooms, theaters, dance floors, roadhouses, gambling dens, etc. Once more it must be acknowledged that the automobile itself is not responsible for this carnal indulgence. The evil comes from the misuse of this useful transportation vehicle.
A mechanical invention, although possessed with great possibilities for both good and evil, is in itself neither good nor evil. This is true of the great modern invention called television. While it is true that television possesses the potential to propagate both good and evil, the invention if unused would benefit no one, neither would it entice one soul to sin. Therefore, as a unit in itself, TV cannot be charged with evil, nor can it be credited with good.
Of all the inventions attributed to man, TV rates high in educational and informative values. This marvelous invention employs the most useful learning medium of the human body, namely, the eye. The human eye, created by God and entrusted to man, is the greatest televising miracle known to humanity. Our eyes capture pictures and reflect them upon the screen of our minds so efficiently that with both eyes closed, or with the scene removed from sight, we still have a distinct mental picture of what our eyes beheld, perhaps years before. We are told that human beings can remember as high as 90 per cent of what they see and 20 per cent of what they hear. By transmitting both the picture and the sound, modem TV, like a double- barreled shotgun, can make a double impression upon its target. This gives TV an exceptionally high educational rating.
To say this modern device has no potential for good would be quite unfair. It would most likely be the hasty expression of a biased mind. It would also be an injustice to the invention, as well as a discredit to those who made this picture-televising and sound-transmitting device possible. Dr. Lee DeForest, sometimes called the grandfather of TV because of his invention of the three-element vacuum tube, a few years ago expressed the high hopes he had for this grandchild in the following statement, “Television could be quite uplifting and enlightening.” ((Clipping from Gospel Herald, date unknown.)) This statement carries with it a strong element of truth.
Unlimited educational and moral possibilities for good lie within the realm of television if properly guarded and used. Someone may say that whatever rates high in possibilities for good also rates high in possibilities for evil. This is certainly true of television today. However, to reject TV on the score that great possibilities for good present a similar potential for evil would be like refusing to use our eyes which the Lord gave us, because of the tragic, sinful, evil scenes we might possibly see by using them.
Television with its appeal to both good and evil is here. It has been readily accepted by the people of the world. At least half of the evangelical population of this nation have received TV into their homes. Among our own brotherhood there are those who have purchased receiving sets. We hear of preacher- less church services being conducted in some areas through the aid of tape recorders. One can visualize picture-preachers occupying church pulpits in the near future if the Lord does not terminate time before this comes to pass. TV is a factor we need to reckon with in the program of things that compose the environment in which we live. To the world TV creates no problem, because it is a product which is manufactured and operated within 7 its own realm. This makes the problem quite complex to the Christian. The Christian is a member of the body of Christ. Christ, the head, declared, “They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world” (John 17:16). As Christians, yea, as a church, we will have to solve the problem of TV from a different angle than that of the world. J. L. Stauffer in his tract “Radio and Television” states: “Neither the popularity nor the availability of an invention is sufficient reason for installing it in a Christian home.”
Statistics reveal the eagerness of the American public to accept TV. Thoughtful consideration recognizes the inability of TV, as a mechanical invention, to commit evil. The honest evaluation of its possibilities concludes that TV is in all probability the greatest teaching agency in the realm of mechanical inventions. In the light of these facts and admissions, it would be easy to conclude that television should be accepted by all. There is, however, another side to this “modern miracle” called television, which to this point has not been explored. Let us now examine what TV actually offers its ardent spectators. If correctly analyzed, a nearby TV station offered the following to the public in this community during the week of January 14 to 20 of this year (1956). Entertainment, 95 hours, 45 minutes; education, 7 hours, 30 minutes; news,
4 hours, 30 minutes; religion, 2 hours, 15 minutes; miscellaneous, 5 hours; or a total of 115 hours. ((Analysis made from TV Guide, January 14 to 20, 1956.))
The 95-hour, 45 minutes of entertainment included sports, adventure, movie and drama shows, with a total of 55 hours; musical shows, comprised of popular hits and music, 16 hours, 30 minutes; childrens shows, including comics, Mickey Mouse and puppet shows, 15 hours, 45 minutes; and Western (cowboy) shows, 8 hours, 30 minutes. Some of the entertainment released in these types of programs was clean, respectable and wholesome. But many of these shows released vice, crime, and horror of varied descriptions. Programs of this nature would frequently convert the living room of any home into a movie auditorium, and a seedbed of murder, drunkenness, assaults, robberies, jail breaking, forgery, lynching, dynamiting, revenge, and crime of all kinds. A 27-hour review of TV programs disclosed the following objectionable scenes from entertainment type shows: twelve murders, six killings in addition to numerous shootings in wild west shows, one poisoning, two stabbings in addition to three or four behind the scenes, one alleged and one attempted banging, one holdup, several robberies, professional forgery, the breaking up of homes by love-villains, numerous fights, night clubs, dancing, drinking parties, besides tobacco, beer, and make-up advertisements, and vulgar language.
Speaking of this type of TV shows, the editor of the Moody Monthly (December 1952 issue), relates the findings of “a survey supervised by the editor of ‘TV Magazine’ in which six monitors in the Los Angeles area during the week of May 24 to 30, 1952, tabulated 852 major crimes, in addition to innumerable saloon brawls, sluggings, assaults and other ‘minor acts of violence. Their findings also included 167 murders, numerous robberies, jail breaks, murder conspiracies, false murder charges, attempted lynching, dynamitings, and an attempted rape in a crime Western for children. Of these crimes 78 per cent were on programs for children and 85 per cent were televised before 9:00 P.M.”
Percentage-wise television offered, during the week previously mentioned (January 14 to 20, 1956), 83.26 per cent entertainment; 6.52 per cent education; 3.91 per cent news; 1.96 per cent religion; and 4.35 per cent miscellaneous; 76 per cent more entertainment than educational features; 79 per cent more entertainment than news; 82 per cent more entertainment than true religion. Entertainment is the big feature on TV. The master teaching device is teaching! But what? It is quite evident from the foregoing data that the large proportion of TV viewing in the field of entertainment is of the vulgar type. Need one wonder why the world is so frivolous, pleasure-mad, and spiritually complacent? Concerning this type of programs, a Philadelphian, the wife of a surgeon, said, “If a program is just for entertainment, we question whether or not it is in accordance with God’s standard of living. If objectionable, we point out (to our children) that we don’t live that way, and we are not going to watch Satan’s work in the lives of others.” ((Article, ‘Giant in the Parlor,” Moody Monthly, February, 1954.)) The Bible says, “She that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.” ((I Timothy 5:6.)) In the Epistle of James we read, “Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you, … Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton.” ((James 5:1, 5a.))
It is commonly agreed that we all need a change from the nerve tension created by daily routine. However, to resort to silly, worthless, demoralizing, sin-suggestive, crime inducing programs is quite revealing as to the spirit which prompts such choices.
With deep regrets the previously mentioned Dr. DeForest said, “In Los Angeles, where I live, there are 80 or 90 murders a week broadcast on television programs, mostly movies. This is alarming, wicked, and must not be tolerated. It can have only a vicious effect on children.” ((Clipping from Gospel Herald, date unknown.)) He also expressed his disappointment in TV’s handling of good music in these words, “All you can hear is boogie woogie and jazz. To hear symphonic music I’ve got to turn to records and phonograph.” ((Ibid.))
Robert W. Battles, pastor of Alliance Church, Orlando, Florida, recently wrote, “By their own admission the creators of television programs reveal that their objective is ‘broad appeal.’ Anyone with a modicum of intelligence knows that this is but a steppingstone to vulgar exploitation. The American home is not a theater, night club, or midway, yet it is nightly handed over to the kind of invasion that would make it so. The boast of one network is that it brings the world right into your home.” ((Article, “What about Television,” Sunday School Times, Nov. 26, 1955.))
In all probability this is an innocent boast, yet it is quite revealing to Christians. The supposedly harmless intention of the world, namely, to inject worldly ideas and principles into the homes of Christians, as well as non-Christians, is in direct opposition to the teaching of God’s eternal command, “Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world” (I John 2:15). Murder and crime, night clubs and dancing, intoxicating liquor and tobacco, shootings and stabbings, illegitimate love and raping, boogie woogie and jazz are unmistakably things of the world, and if patronized by professed Christians on television, radio or otherwise, rather clearly reflect an “inordinate affection,” ((Colossians 3:5.)) which the Christian is strongly admonished to put to death. For Christians to feed on the worldly things that are being televised is a rather humiliating revelation of an existing lack of love for God, as declared by the Holy Spirit in the Bible: “If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him” (I John 2:15b).
The educational programs were listed as follows: “TV Garden Club; Sports Clinic; Wiffil Schoolhouse; University of the Air; Voice of Firestone; Medical Horizons; and Disneyland. ((TV Guide, January 14 to 20, 1956.)) As mentioned before, the educational type of programs offered great possibilities for good. Some of the educational programs featured were actual incidents and therefore quite informative and helpful. There are others that are fictional and misleading. The right kind of knowledge should help the boys and girls of today to more effectively cope with the problems of tomorrow during manhood and womanhood. In the educational program of the age in which we live there seems to be an overemphasis on sports and social activities. True education must of necessity be well balanced. It must include the spiritual as well as social and secular knowledge. Of Jesus we read in the Gospel of Luke, “And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.” ((Luke 2:40.)) Again, “And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.” ((Luke 2:52.)) From these verses of Scripture it would appear that a greater emphasis was placed on the spiritual development of the Child than on any other phase of His education. Today the reverse is true. Secular education without a fear of God can be quite detrimental to any individual, and even to others. The inspired Word of God says, “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.” ((Proverbs 9:10, RSV.)) The old adage also bears repeating, “Experience is the best teacher.” On this score television is decisively handicapped, or as someone has said, “TV is a poor substitute for gaining true knowledge and experience. . . . You can classify it as of secondhand value.” ((Article, “Giant in the Parlor.”)) The programs earmarked, “Religion,” offered a thirty-minute program on the topic, “Lincoln’s Public Speeches and Private Letters,” a thirty-minute film of a young man touring Palestine (In his travels he became acquainted with a girl who was quite sociable and pretty, three years later returning to tour the country again, but most of all to find the girl he loved), a fifteen-minute discourse on, “Does your faith alone save?” a fifteen-minute panel discussion on, “Feeling the effects of accidents,” a thirty-minute program of pipe- organ music, and a fifteen-minute program featuring, “Prayer at Devil’s River.” ((TV Guide.)) Although listed in the TV Guide as religious programs, a close examination of what is actually offered under this classification will help one understand the vague conception many people today have of true religion as defined for us in God’s Word. A separate analysis of the religious programs offered reveals the following percentages: sacred music, 22 per cent; educational adventure and sightseeing, 34 per cent; political, 22 per cent; false doctrine, 11 per cent; unadulterated religion, per cent.
The actual time devoted to true religion was less than one per cent of the total weekly TV time. Actually there was more time devoted to teach women how to apply cosmetics than how to apply the Word of God. More time was spent telling them how to beautify their faces than how to beautify their character. More time was taken to depict the way of unrighteousness than the way of holiness. More money was spent to advertise that which damns the soul than that which saves the soul. More energy was exerted to portray a way of earthly pleasure than the way of everlasting joy. More effort was made to instill revenge into the hearts of young and old than to instill love and reverential fear of God. There were more inducements to carnality than incentives to spirituality. There were more demonstrations of the “Broad Way” manner of life than the Christian way of life. There was more time, more energy, and more money spent to teach men and women, boys and girls, how to live “according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air,” ((Ephesians 2:2.)) than how to live for Christ, the Son of God, who alone can give eternal life and lasting happiness. Satan will certainly use TV to the downfall of this nation if the present emphasis of worldliness, pleasure, carnality, revenge and ungodliness continues on TV programs. The Bible says, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption” (Gal. 6:7, 8).
In the light of the findings presented thus far, we do well to ask ourselves some questions. Will television stimulate greater unity in the home? Is possessing a television set good stewardship? Will television foster spirituality? Will television strengthen convictions on Bible principles?
Will Television Stimulate Greater Unity in the Home?
A certain mother said, “Since we have television my husband stays home evenings.” ((Verbal expression.)) Staying home evenings with the family is a husband’s responsibility unless duty calls him away. But staying home is no positive proof of greater unity. Will a husband slouched in an armchair watching television be of much assistance in establishing or maintaining unity in the home? Will his choice of programs be met with favor by the rest of the family? How will he react to the laughter and romping of the children while trying to satisfy his feverish desire to view his favorite program? Some mothers are finding it rather difficult to serve the evening meal because of favorite programs which fascinate some member of the family. To avoid quarreling the meal is served in the living room on certain occasions, or “Little Boss” receives his plate in front of the “Magic Box.” A man from Washington writes, “My problem is that my wife and daughter do not draw the same line of distinction as to TV viewing that I do.” ((Article, “Giant in the Parlor.”)) An aged mother blames TV commercials for the delinquency of her grown daughter: “I exceedingly regret to state that the gurgling wine and cigarettes of all kinds have led my beloved and only daughter into indulging in these deplorable habits.” ((Ibid.)) An Illinois mother tells a graphic story: “We started off in quite a liberal frame of mind—with only one thing barred—horror shows. The children watched their own kiddie programs and cowboy films; my husband watched sports, news, and crime plays, while I watched cookery, ‘I Love Lucy,’ and similar shows. Then I found my children were watching wide-eyed with fear while the hoodlums beat up the good people in the crime shows. My four-year-old was hiding her face while the rustlers tried to kill the hero in the cowboy shows. The news filled one with worry, the comedies were worldly and put wrong ideas into the children’s heads. I found that my eyes ached, my house looked like a movie theater with the curtains drawn, and the girls were living in a dream world, while nobody had a word to say to anybody else. In short, the kindly old TV had turned into a monster which was enslaving us all, pouring out its filth into our home which we had dedicated to our Lord. The Holy Spirit convicted me, and indeed I felt unclean, and feared for my children. I prayed about it and kept away from the TV, until one day my husband felt it too and got rid of the TV . . . we have seen TV for what it is and have done with it.” ((Ibid.)) These true incidents surely answer this first question for us.
Is Possessing a Television Set Good Stewardship?
Every Christian should give the matter of stewardship serious consideration. We may not be aware of the fact, but we are not the sole proprietors of anything we possess. Everything we have is ours for a limited time only. What we have is ours through the goodness of the Lord. Someday we must give account of how we used what the Lord blessed us with. Although television is considerably lower in price now than it was a few years ago, statistics reveal that the average amount spent for TV sets last year was 232 dollars.
Nine years ago the average cost per set was more than twice as high. The new TV color sets range in price from 695 to 994 dollars each. In 1954 more than 34 million Protestant Christians gave 334 million dollars for charities, or an average of $9.60. ((Clipping from Evening Bulletin—Nov. 1, 1955.)) At this rate the average Protestant gave 96 dollars for charities in ten years’ time. The average amount spent by 35 million TV owners for receiving sets alone during the past ten years was $357.40. According to statistics about 50 per cent of the Christian families in America have purchased TV sets. ((Article, “Giant in the Parlor”)) So then we can conclude that many Christians spent 372 per cent more money for TV, in the past ten years, than they gave to missions and charities. Is this good stewardship? Is it good stewardship to spend more money for entertainment than what one gives to missions? Someone has said, “It would take the cost of only two TV sets to set up a mission station in the Philippine Islands.” ((Ibid.)) If this is true, then, according to the number of TV sets sold in the past ten years, it would have been possible to set up 22,786,233 mission stations on foreign soil. Which would do the most good, now and eternally—22 million mission stations proclaiming the message of redemption through the blood of Christ, or 45 million TV sets glittering in the homes of entertainment-crazed Americans?
Another phase of stewardship is time. The article, “Giant in the Parlor,” states: “Most Christians who have TV at one time or another are conscience-stricken by the enormous amount of time television viewing consumes unless they are very careful. Both non-TV and TV families assert that television brings into sharp focus the fact of the Christian’s stewardship of time, as well as his talents and money.” A survey among high-school students in a certain area revealed an average of 17 hours spent weekly watching television. In many cases lessons suffered, learning progress and intelligence slowed down. The TV poll taken by the Moody Monthly in 19542 ((Ibid.)) showed that TV sets in Christian homes are in operation as much as ten hours a day. This indicates that probably no other activity consumes as much time as television viewing. Is it good stewardship for a Christian to spend more time watching TV than time spent in the Lord’s work?
The Bible command, “Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God” (I Cor. 10:31), includes the use of time. A good question to ask ourselves is: Does the time spent in watching television glorify God? A mother from Indiana expressed herself on this point: “We cannot personally see how a person wanting to please the Lord can have a TV when it is like having the theater in your front room. . . . We believe it lessens the conviction as to what sin is.” ((Ibid.)) Whatever lessens one’s conviction concerning sin surely cannot glorify God. Not all TV programs are objectionable, but the type of programs sincere Christians could watch and retain a “conscience void of offense toward God” ((Acts 24:16.)) we know to be comparatively few in number.
Stewardship also involves parental responsibility. God’s Word admonishes fathers to bring up their children “with the sort of education and counsel the Lord approves.” ((Ephesians 6:4, Williams.)) How can a Christian father who provides or receives a device into his home, that by the mere twist of a dial the living room may be transformed into a theater, night club, or murder scene, console his conscience that he is doing his best, or even what he can, to bring up his children “in the nurture and admonition of the Lord?” ((Ephesians 6:4.)) To this challenge someone is bound to retort: “After all, television is just a box. When you come right down to it, the whole TV question is one of who’s boss, you, or the children, or TV.” If words were the solution, TV might be easy to control. But many Christians who have TV have found it very difficult to control. This is clearly revealed by the Moody Monthly TV poll. Here is part of their findings: “In spite of various precautions, most parents honestly admit that their policing methods are only partially satisfactory. Only a few in the whole poll indicated that their method of control is entirely satisfactory to them.” ((Article, “Giant in the Parlor.”))
“I personally feel that TV is very harmful, especially in a home like ours, where we try to control it but are unsuccessful,” writes a frustrated mother of three. “My three- and four-year-old children have seen many frightening programs beyond their understanding in spite of my careful watching.” ((Ibid.)) The coming of TV into a home brings greater responsibility. This master-teaching device, like a powerful drug, has almost infinite possibilities for good or evil. Rules and discipline are essentials to regulate the viewing habits of young and old alike. If viewing habits cannot be regulated to meet the approval of God, the only alternative for Christians in view of accountability to God, is to get along without TV.
Will Television Foster Spirituality?
This is another question Christians should ask themselves before purchasing TV. Here are the testimonies of several Christian TV owners who responded to the Moody poll: “We find an entire evening viewing TV lessens the appetite for Christian literature and makes us less discriminating as to programs.” ((Ibid)) (Indiana). Another mother writes: “I’m about convinced that the worst thing about television is the attraction away from things that are spiritually better. . . . Personally, I wish I’d never allowed my daughter to buy one.” ((Ibid)) The most commonly expressed worries by both Christian and non-Christian parents is the possible harmful effect of TV on their children. With 83 per cent entertainment, mostly of the vulgar type, the odds are against the possibilities of TV fostering spirituality. We must remember, however, that the possibilities for good are as great as the possibilities for evil. Whether or not TV will foster spirituality depends entirely on the use of it. It depends on how program designers use it, and how it is controlled in the home. Christian owners frankly admit that their efforts to control TV have failed, but this is a weakness of parental control rather than a weakness of the mechanical invention.
Will Television Strengthen Convictions on Bible Principles?
As mentioned before, the boast of one network is that it brings the world right into the home. The New Testament frequently points out the conflict between the world and the Christian, between the kingdom of the world and the kingdom of Christ. Television today is dominated by the world. Can we expect the world to promulgate the principles upheld in the Word of God? Would we expect the world to teach nonresistance, non-participation in labor organizations and secret societies, and separation from the world? For the world to teach these principles would be like a “kingdom divided against itself” (Matt. 12:25). The comment of Jesus concerning the outcome of a divided kingdom is “desolation.” Principles untaught will never strengthen convictions. On the other hand, can we expect the religious leaders, who do not believe the foregoing principles to be essential, to teach them on TV programs? Our observation with radio assures us that even ministers cannot be expected to teach doctrine they consider nonessential. The opposite is rather to be expected. Their views are bound to be expressed in speech, in conduct, or in appearance. In all probability this expression will have its effect upon those who observe. Much of the dissatisfaction and dissension so prevalent in the churches today has been attributed to the radio. Television, being much more influential than radio, is bound to increase this problem.
Whatever attitude we may take concerning television we must certainly admit that the issue cannot be ignored, nor lightly dismissed. In one decade television has become one of the most serious issues confronting the church of Christ on earth today. This problem is being met by all Christians in one of two ways. At least half have chosen the popularity-way of meeting the issue and have purchased sets. The rest are meeting the issue by doing without TV. The safest and wisest way to meet the issue of TV is through consultation prior to possession. Consulting the pros and cons of television is beneficial. But most important of all is the openhearted consultation of God’s will concerning the matter. We need to constantly implore God for wisdom to so order our lives that we may glorify Him in all we do. Let us remember what Jesus said concerning the impossibility of a servant (literally, slave) being a slave to two masters. “Either he will hate one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other.” ((Luke 16:13, Williams.)) Let us also remember that it is not the broad acceptance of this modern invention, neither is it the potential for good it possesses, nor the teaching efficiency of this master teaching device that qualifies it for its reception and use by Christians. Television today is being monopolized by the world and used by it to propagate worldly principles, vulgar entertainment, sin and crime more freely than for beneficial purposes. So long as these conditions exist, I believe that television should not be patronized by Christians.
The following statements express the convictions established or born through research and program reviewing done in preparation for this article. They briefly declare my honest evaluation to television today.
1. That TV is a marvelous invention, and readily accepted by the majority of the people in this nation.
2. That the mechanical device called television is powerless in itself to create either good or evil.
3. That television has the potential for both good and evil.
4. That the educational possibilities of television are exceptionally high.
5. That television today is being monopolized by “this present evil world.” ((Galatians 1:4.))
6. That at least 80 per cent of all television time is being devoted to entertainment, of which a large proportion is of the vulgar type.
7. That comparatively a mere fragment of true religion has thus far found its way through TV channels.
8. That TV owners are quite alarmed about the possible harmful effect of television upon their children, because satisfactory control is extremely difficult.
9. That in consideration of today’s programs it seems rather clear that the possession of a TV set is not good stewardship.
10. That the present-day programing of television is not geared to promote spirituality nor to strengthen conviction on Bible principles.